Wood Apple Fruit

The wood apple ( Limonia acidissima) is a tropical fruit. It is often grown in South Asian and Southeast Asian countries. The fruit contains a hard rind and an outer shell covering the pulp. That is hard and quite tough to break. The pulp inside is aromatic, sticky, scattered with white seeds. It isn't delightful at unripe stages and sweet-sour when fully ripen. Wood apples are abundantly available in all four seasons as it can be kept for an extended period under refrigerated conditions.
Wood Apple
A Wood Apple tree typically grows up to a height of 9-10 meters. The appearance of the wood apple tree like a small oval shape. The greeny leaves, dark grey bark, and thorny branches give a unique appearance to the wood apple tree. Varieties of wood apple trees
1. One which doesn’t produce fruits.
2. One that bears small-sized fruits that are aromatic and contains fewer seeds
3. other variety bearing large-sized fruits and a higher number of seeds

What is the difference between Wood Apple and Beal?

Even though people use the names of wood apple, beal interchangeably, they are different fruits. It can be seen when we look into the scientific name of each fruit. The wood apple is referred to as the Limonia acidissima L, Feronia elephantum Correa, and Schinus limonia L. plants. But the beal refers to Aegle marmelos Correa. The wood apple taste and appearance totally different from other fruits due to its hard, light-brown colored outer shell.

Wood Apple Health Benefits

What are the Health benefits of Wood Apple ?

Rich in Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals are health-promoting plant compounds. The phytochemical content of a wood apple is very promising. A moderate quantity of saponins and a high amount of alkaloids are found in the wood apple fruit pulp and the rind. Alkaloids act as a spasmolytic agent that relieves the spasm of the smooth muscles. The saponins help to boost the immune system, lower cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of intestinal cancer.

Polyphenols on wood Apple

wood apple includes Phytosterols, Coumarins, Tyramine derivatives, Flavanones, Limonoids. The Polyphenols present in wood apple are shown to protect against reactive oxygen species (ROS) and keep the oxidative stress at bay.

Antioxidant-Rich Fruit

Antioxidants present in wood apple powerful and capable of scavenging hydroxyl radicals. Thus, protect the body against their harmful effect. Consumption of antioxidant-rich wood apple-like foods are beneficial for the overall health, as it retards the progress of many chronic diseases.

Presence of Amino Acids

The presence of protein and its quality in food is determined by the presence of essential amino acid in it. The wood apple contains an appreciable amount of protein. The amino acid present in wood apple includes Alanine, Arginine, Aspartic acid, Glycine, Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Phenylalanine, Proline, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, and Valine.

Wood Apple for Kidney health and Liver

This fruit is rich in antioxidants and phenolic compounds that fight against free radicals. It also contains certain compounds that help in better functioning of the body. Wood apple pulp acts as a natural detoxifier that helps to protect the Liver and Kidney. Carbon tetrachloride is a harmful substance that damages the Liver by producing many free radicals that increase oxidative stress. World researchers have found that wood apple fruit pulp reduces the production of free radicals and eventually reduces overall oxidative stress. This beneficial effect is attributed to its high antioxidant potential. Antioxidants in the fruit also reduce the lipid peroxidation. The pulp also improves liver function and reduces liver enzymes that are elevated during liver damage. Besides, wood apple can restore the antioxidant enzyme levels that promote the overall health of liver cells.

Regulates High Blood sugar (Fluoride-induced Hyperglycemia)

Wood apple helps to control fluoride-induced hyperglycemia. Its pulp is rich in compounds like Saponins, Phytosterols, Flavonoids, Polyphenols, and Ascorbic acid aids to control high blood sugar.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Wood apple extracts the ability to lower plasma glucose levels in type 2 diabetic patients in a similar effect compared to anti-diabetic drugs. Free radicals and oxidative stress show an essential role in the etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The wood apple extract also reduces the level of free radicals and increases the number of antioxidants. Thus, it prevented hyperglycemia. It also prevents type 2 diabetic complications by reducing the plasma levels of harmful Malondialdehyde concentration. Thus, it helps to manage plasma glucose levels in the normal range.

Anti-microbial properties

Wood apple is a known fruit which is having anti-microbial properties. Limonia acidissima leaves, bark, and fruit shell contain certain compounds like estragole, coumarins, xanthotoxin that exhibit anti-microbial and antifungal activity against several varieties of bacteria and fungi. Antibacterial Activity wood apple exhibit a very strong antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria, including staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus, Bacillus subtilis, epidermidis, and gram-negative bacteria such as Proteus mirabilis. This property of wood apple pulp is due to the abundance of polyphenols and flavonoids present in it

Works as an Anti-inflammatory

Wood apple bark extracts have proven to exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.

Wood apple juice most of the people like to dring

Wood apple because of its good remedy for thirsty and helps to rid of fatigue. The juice can be prepared by just mixing the mashed fruit pulp with water. Sugar can be added to sweeten, and a pinch of salt and cardamom powder can be added for better taste.

Digestive Aid

Ripe wood apple fruit contains an adequate amount of fibers; hence it's known as a digestive aid. It helps to reduce digestive discomfort and contain laxative properties. Diarrhea & Dysentery Wood apple has anti-diarrheal and gastrointestinal motility reducing activity. It also reduces the frequency of loose stools, the number of stools, and the stools' overall weight. Thus, wood apple can be used as a sufficient remedy to treat diarrhea and dysentery, hemorrhoids, gas, flatulence, bloating, and vomiting.

Anti-cancer Activity

Many anti-cancer agents are derived from this fruit that inhibits tumor growth, inhibits cancer cell growth, and prevents the spread or distribution of cancer cells to other parts of the body. Furthermore, it helps to prevent the growth of cancer cells, especially for breast cancer cells. Flavonoids in wood apple have also been shown to have an anti-malignant effect. The presence of antioxidants has been found to neutralize cancer-causing free radicals. So many health-promoting factors found in the wood apple makes it a perfect fruit to fight against cancer.

Gives a cooling effect to the body

The pulp of the fruit is famous for its cooling properties.

Great Source of Nutrients

Wood apple is a rich source of Proteins and Carbohydrates. Further wood apple contains significant amounts of vitamins A, C, and several minerals, including calcium and phosphorus. It also contains thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2). Nutritional Value per 100 gm of

 

Edible pulp

Nutrition Pulp (ripe) Seeds

moisture

74%

4%

Protein

8%

26.8%

Fat

1.45%

27%

Ash

5%

5.03%

Calcium

0.17%

1.58%

Phosphorus

0.08%

1.43%

Iron

0.07%

0.03%

Tannins

1.03%

0.08%

Boost energy

The juice is quite as good as energy drinks. It improves body functions and mechanism and provides an adequate amount of protein as well. It also helps to satiate the summer heat and fatigue.

Blood purification

A small amount of pulp with hot water is `known to purify blood for centuries. It helps to clean the toxins and reduce the load from the Liver and kidneys. Vitamin C also helps to boost the immune system and keeps the scurvy at bay.

High Cholesterol & Triglyceride Levels

Wood apple helps to lower high cholesterol levels and reduces the level of LDL – low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (unhealthy) and triglyceride levels. Thus, it improves the overall lipid profile. Thus, reduce the risk of atherogenesis. This outcome is attributed to the presence of Dietary fibers, Saponins, Phytosterols, Flavonoids, and Ascorbic acid. Wood apple also affects lipid metabolism and increases the breakdown of fat stored in the body and energy source. The dietary fiber binds to the bile acids and throws it out of the body and reduces the total cholesterol level. Different Ways to Eat Wood Apple • As flesh raw
• As refreshing wood apple juice
• As chutneys
• As wood apple jelly
• As jams
• As Wood apple ice cream
• As wood apple smoothie
• As Wood apple milkshake
• Combined with other fruits as a fruit salad

How to store Wood Apple

• wood apple can be stored for a prolonged period, even though the consistency and the viscosity of its pulp were not affected, its taste is reduced with time.
• The concentration of ascorbic acid used for preservation reduces during the storage period due to oxidation.
• The content of calcium and phosphorus of the nutritional pulp also decreases with the period of storage.
• Ripen wood apples can be easily and safely stored at room temperature. They can be stored for a little longer period if placed in the refrigerator.
• Wood apple can be stored for a much longer period if the pulp is removed and mix with lemon juice (citric acid). The mixture can then be stored in the freezer.

How to select & consume wood apple

Ripe wood apples are healthy to eat and can be select by seeing the smell. The smell of ripe fruit intense with maturity. The ripe pulp can be consumed directly or even by mixing with honey or sugar as a custard (as a snack) or as a tasty juice using wood apples pul, water, and sugar or jaggery. Wood apple pulp of the fruit can also be used for preparing sweets or chutney.

Cautions of Wood Apple

Only consume ripe wood apples. Most of the peoples are believe Raw of wood apple to causes hoarseness and throat pain. Wood apple can be brought from the shops as whole fruit, Dried wood apple powder, wood apple pulp, and wood apple puree. Dried wood apple powder
Wood apple

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