Penela or Balloon vine (Cardiosprmum halicacabum) is an annual herb, often found in the low country and tropics of Sri Lanka. The stem of the plant is approximately 3 mm thick. It forms inter-nodes between 5-10 cm in length and reaches up to a height of 2 meters.
The grooved stem carries double triad leaves, which are 3 to 5 cm long in an alternative pattern. The leaves may be hairless or covered in a soft down of hairs. The oval or lanceolate leaves have a deeply serrated or lobated edge. There are smaller leaves at the side.
The rolls on long flower stem of 5 to 10 cm in length have white, tiny radiate flowers with four petals. Just beneath the flower stalks, there are 2 cm long tendrils, in pairs. After pollination, the flowers convert into 3cm long green color fruits, which have the shape of a ballon, aka spherical capsule.
The root system of the plant contains a taproot and fibrous roots. The plant typically creeps through the crop plants and compete with the crop for sunlight and moisture despite the soil nutrients.
It creeps around the crop plants. It competes for sunlight, moisture, and soil nutrients with the crop. The propagation of the plant occurs through seeds.
Health benefits of Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine)
Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) as a cooling beverage
Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) is generally consumed after preparing as a herbal porridge by combining Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) extract with rice, coconut milk. And salt. It has a cooling effect on the body.
Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) for better marriage life
In ayurvedic medicine Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) is used as a herb to increase male sperm count or sperm motility. Typically it was given to the male who is affected as a daily porridge until the person is healed. The patient is also advised to take a balanced diet with enough protein.
It is used to treat back pains, joint pains, and general body aches.
They are used as a treatment for Hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids aka piles are vascular structures located in the anal canal that generally act as cushions that help with stool control. Due to certain conditions, they may be swollen or inflamed. According to In Sinhala ayurvedic practice, drinking extracted juice of crushed wel panela together with Kohila Roots and Shallot (small onion) every morning is a very good treatment for haemorrhoids. The plant also contains antidiarrhoeal as well as homoeopathic medicinal properties. A decoction of the Wel- penela roots is given in half tablespoon- full does twice a day for bleeding piles.
Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) for body aches and pains
• Roots and leaves are commonly used to settle the pains due to sprains and contusions of the joints.
• The leaves are used for rheumatism, nervous diseases, and chronic bronchitis.
• The juice of the leaves is put into the ear to soothe ear-ache. Equal parts of Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) leaves are combined with Shinda-lunu, the root bark of Hin-kumbuk (Terminalia arjuna), and Vadakaha (Acorus Calanus) are pounded and made into a paste with milk.
• The leaves are applied externally as a poultice for skin eruption. They are coated with castor oil and are applied on swellings and tumors.
• Cardiospermum halicacabum (Balloon vine) is used in preparing oil for infants when they find it difficult to breathe through the nose.